African air transport remains far behind any other continent due to the absence of liberalisation, according to IATA.
According to the association, the market share of African airlines was just 2.1% of the world total in 2018, when expressed in passenger kilometres own. In a study, IATA indicates that while in Europe or North America, a person takes on average a return flight once a year, in Nigeria or Ethiopia, the same person would only take a return trip every… 50 years! This is even more surprising as air transport is often the only alternative for ef cient and rapid connections as ground infrastructure are often deficient if not non-existent.
The absence of competition, the fixing of fares by government and the fragile financial health of local airlines are all negative factors weighing over air transport on the continent. On average, an African would need 2.9 weeks to buy a return ticket within the continent. A European would only need 0.3 week to afford a similar ticket within the EU, based on average national income.
Photo: Kenya is among the few countries in Africa applying an open-sky policy.