The South American market is now dominated by two mega-airlines: LATAM (a merger between Chile/Peru LAN Group and Brazil TAM) and Avianca Holdings (Colombia which merged with TACA in El Salvador and expanded with subsidiaries in Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Peru). Other important international carriers are Aerolineas Argentina and COPA (Panama).

LATAM is now South America’s most international airline with flights across all continents and the biggest network in Europe (Barcelona, Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Milan and Paris CDG). Following the successful LAN/TAM merger, the group unveiled last May its revamped brand, helping to create a uni ed brand all across the world and enhance the airline’s recognition internationally.

Last but not least, there is one market to be watched out carefully: Cuba. The end of the US embargo will translate this winter into a dozen of new routes by all large US carriers. And it is just a beginning!


Aeromexico is taking delivery of its Boeing Dreamliner 787-9 which will be put into service in three important markets from November: New York and Paris will be served from December while Madrid will see the new aircraft in January. Aeromexico plans to boost frequencies to Amsterdam and London in summer 2017.

Air Canada Rouge will add two summer routes to Europe in 2017. Berlin Tegel-Toronto will be served four times weekly and Marseille-Montreal three times weekly from June through September. Boeing 767 aircraft will be used for both routes.

Delta Airlines is further growing in Latin America. The carrier will launch three new routes to Mexico in December, including Kansas City-Cancun, Los Angeles- Los Cabos/San Jose and New York JFK-Cancun. It will also fly daily from Atlanta, Miami and New York JFK to Havana.

Lima is becoming increasingly popular, with LATAM planning to launch a new route between Barcelona- Lima. Spain’s Air Europa will open from July a daily Madrid-Lima in a Boeing 787 and will also launch three weekly flights between Madrid and Montevideo.

United Airlines is putting into service its newest Boeing 787- 8 on flights to Paris. The aircraft will serve Paris CDG – San Francisco and Paris CDG – Washington Dulles, in both cases replacing ageing Boeing 767- 300ER aircraft. London Heathrow – Los Angeles will also be served by a Boeing B787 starting next February.


(air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country)

Airline Country 2015 Fleet (in mio. passengers) Destinations
American Airlines USA 201.3 964 339
Delta Air Lines USA 179.4 801 322
Southwest Airlines USA 144.6 714 98
United Airlines USA 140.4 714 342
LATAM Chile-Brazil 67.8 313 160
Air Canada Canada 41.1 374 182
GOL Brazil 38.8 130 64
JetBlue Airways USA 35.1 213 97
Alaska Airlines USA 31.9 147 112
Avianca Holdings Colombia-Salvador 28.3 189 109
WestJet Canada 20.3 145 91
Aeromexico Mexico 18.8 124 84
Spirit Airlines USA 17.9 79 57
Volaris Mexico 12 54 57
Hawaiian Air USA 10.7 52 28
Aerolineas Argentina Argentina 38.8 189 109
Source: US Department of Transportation, Civil Aviation Statistics and ICAO estimates